How To Install Turf


DIY Installation of Synthetic Turf

Preparing the ground

  1. If the ground is really hard, watering the area the night before helps soften the ground for step #2.
  2. Make sure to cap, reroute, or remove any irrigation to avoid puncturing water lines.
  3. Remove any existing grass, rock, or loose debris 3-4” below border.  This can be done easily with a sod cutter, pick axe, or shovel.
  4. (OPTIONAL) Spray entire desired area with an all vegetation killer or pre-emergent.
  5. Wheelbarrow ¼” minus to the backyard, and drop ¼” minus into piles.
  6. Rake all piles evenly over your designated area.  Smooth the surface of the ¼” minus with the rake.
  7. Compact the ¼” minus with either a plate compactor or a hand tamper.
  8. Lightly water the ¼” minus with a garden hose.
  9. Re-compact ¼” minus to get a 90-95% compaction rate. This gives the surface a hard flat surface to work with, but at the same time, allowing for proper drainage during rain season.
  10. (OPTIONAL) Lay and overlap a mesh weed fabric on top of the ¼” minus, nailing every few feet to help secure the weed fabric.


Installing the Synthetic Turf

  1. Roll out your turf in the best direction you would like the turf to lay.
  2. With a utility knife, cut off first stitch of fabric from both sides of the turf.
  3. Using 5” or 6” nails, nail down one side of the turf.  Space nails out every 3-4” and about 1” from the edge. Please note: when nailing turf down, do not hit the nail so hard that it breaks the backing of the turf.  Try and keep fibers from getting trapped underneath the nail head, if not, you will see dimples in the turf.
  4. Stretch the turf by carpet kicking it.  This will help from shrinking of the turf, and help to avoid hills, and divots when the warmer weather starts.
  5. Using 5 or 6” nails, hammer down the entire perimeter of the turf, spacing your nails out ever 3-4” and 1” from the turfs edge.


Installing turf with seams.

  1. Make sure that the fabric of both sides of the turf have been removed.  You do not want to overlap the turf onto this fabric when seaming.
  2. Make sure both pieces of turf are facing the same direction.  If they are opposite, the color of the turf will differ significantly.
  3. Join both seams as closely as possible.  Using 3 ½” 16D nails, nail both sides of the seam, with a spacing of 2-3” and about ¾” to an inch from the edge (if you overlap the seam, you will see a slight “mohawk” in the turf).


Adding Infill and finishing steps

  1. With a power broom and/or stiff bristled push broom, brush the turf before applying the infill.  This procedure will fluff up the grass fibers and allow the infill to fall into the root zone easier.
  2. With a drop spreader, apply 1½ lb of infill per sq ft.  Evenly spread the infill over the entire area of the turf.
  3. Power broom and/or brush the infill into the turf. This will evenly distribute the infill into the root layer of the turf and help hide any nails, seams, or staples.  The process will also add weight to the turf and help the turf blades stand up on a more permanent basis.
  4. With a pair of scissors, walk around the turf, and trim away any loose fibers that may have come loose while power brooming.
  5. After clean up has been done, a light watering of the turf is recommended to help get rid of any dust particles left on the turf from the infilling process.
  6. If you kept your irrigation system in place, make sure to change your settings to adjust for having synthetic turf.